Redefining Malcolm X

Columbia University professor Manning Marable who recently passed away, last fall completed “Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention,” a 594-page biography, a book he has worked on for decades. The book is described by the few scholars who have seen it as full of new and startling information and insights for instance: “Malcolm X himself contributed to many of the fictions, Mr. Marable argues, by exaggerating, glossing over or omitting important incidents in his life. These episodes include a criminal career far more modest than he claimed, an early homosexual relationship with a white businessman, his mother’s confinement in a mental hospital for nearly 25 years and secret meetings with leaders of groups as divergent as the Ku Klux Klan and the Palestine Liberation Organization.”

Marable was highly critical of the Alex Haley written “Autobiography of Malcolm X as a work of history and for his own book, relied on extensive new research which included obtaining “about 6,000 pages of F.B.I. files on Malcolm X through the Freedom of Information Act, as well as records from the Central Intelligence Agency, State Department and New York district attorney’s office”.

A young Malcolm Little

Read more in NYT (here)


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